Types of Indian Sculpture | Wooden Sculpture, Sand Sculpture, Marble Sculpture, Bronze sculpture

Indian Sculpture

The sculptural traditions, forms, and styles of the civilizations of the Indian subcontinent. Sculpture was the favoured medium of artistic expression on the Indian subcontinent. Indian buildings were profusely adorned with it and indeed are often inseparable from it. The subject matter of Indian sculpture was almost invariably abstracted human forms that were used to instruct people in the truths of the Hindu, Buddhist, or Jain religions. The nude was used both to represent the body as a symbol of spirit and to reveal the imagined shapes of the gods. There is an almost complete suppression of individuality in Indian sculpture; this is because the figures are conceived of as shapes that are more perfect and final than anything to be found in the merely transitory appearance of human models. The multiple heads and arms of sculptured Hindu divinities were thought necessary to display the manifold attributes of these gods’ power.

Types of Indian Sculpture:

  • Wooden Sculptures
  • Bronze Sculptures
  • Marble Sculptures
  • Stone Sculptures
  • Sand Sculptures 

Wooden Sculpture

Indian wooden sculpture has marked its presence since ancient times and has been the evidence of artistic brilliance. Every region of India had developed its own unique style of wooden structures, marked with a distinct type of carving, strongly influenced by local traditions and the materials that were locally available. From the southern parts of India, the wooden sculptures and toys are popular for their intricate carving works and meticulous finishing. In Indian wood sculpture, idols of god, goddesses and demigods are the most preferred themes.

Bronze Sculptures

Sculpture of Bronzes immensely radiates a sense of immortality and powerfully reflects the fascination and mystery about the ancient cultures of BuddhismJainism and Hinduism. The art of making Bronze sculptures began in the Indus Valley Civilization (2400-B.C.), where the Indus Bronze statuette of a slender-limbed “dancing girl” was found in Mohenjodaro. The stone sculptures and their inner sanctum images in the temple remained on a fixed place, until the 10th century, where the newly emerged religious concepts demanded that the idols should appear in a variety of public roles. As a consequence, large bronze images were created as these images could be carried outside the temple places. Then from the 9th to the 13th centuries in the Chola period, the art activities were carried out in enormous quantity, where new temples to show the architectural skills were built and old ones renovated with additional beauty and grand festivals were organized.

Marble Sculptures

Entire artwork of marble sculptures in India bears the excellent style and patterns of finest craftsmanship that are achieved with quality. They provide an articulate glimpse of strikingly attractive, versatile sizing of beautiful artistic designs and craftsmanship. One of the features of marble is that the finest marbles used for sculpture does not contain stains. But some of natural stains are seen in the sculpture, which the sculptor skillfully incorporates into the sculpture.

As per Historical evidences the art of marble sculpture reached at the peak during the Mughal rule. In Mughal dynastyShah Jahan‘s reign is marked for monumental Taj Mahal architectural achievements. He initiated the most important architectural change in the form of the use of marble in preparation of monuments or tombs instead of sandstone.

Stone Sculptures

Sarnath is one of the most beautiful sites in the world & sacred where the Lord Buddha delivered his first sermon, which was the introduction of Buddhism. The Lion Capital on top of one of pillar, which is recognized as the National Emblem of India, is from Sarnath. The Emperor Ashoka who worked in this life for spreading the Buddha’s message of love and compassion visited Sarnath around 234 BC, and erected a Grand stupa. Along with it, several other Buddhist structures were raised at Sarnath between the 3rd century BC and the 11th century AD that represents today the most expansive ruins amongst places on the Buddhist trail.

The main structure of the place has been enclosed and marked with the presence of a complex structure of monasteries that are half-ruined condition stupas. Dhamek Stupa is known for particular significance at Sarnath as it signifies the “seat of the holy Buddha”, after he proclaimed his faith. Believed to be constructed 5th to 6th century, it is a cylindrical tower of around 30 meters high with a solid structure. But the sculptural beauty is maintained with all the architectural techniques. The trunk of the stupa is decorated using panels carved with geometric and floral designs.

Sand Sculptures

Sand sculpture, reminiscent of any Indian sculptures can be of multiple shape, size or form. Sand sculpture is native to Orissa which has later spread its root towards whole of India. It can include the above things- a castle, or created in a human, animal, plant or a fantasy form. As this art is comparatively a recent one, it didn’t have any historical references. Although not historically proved, the origin of this art is found in the Orissan myths. Sometimes even coloured sand is also used to create sculpture, as in Luilang of China. In making sand sculptures, the goal is to create those objects which appear as an artistic example. Now, many artists have got engaged to prepare sand sculptures in India and such sand sculptures are displayed in large sizes and in complex structures. Though sand sculptures are comparatively new to the culture of India, they are widely accepted by the inhabitants of India.


Uncovering the important events in Indian history in just 15 minutes | Indian Independence Timeline

People from all over the world were always crazy about India and its wealth, tradition and knowledge.

The Aryans came from Central Europe and settled down in India.

The Persians followed by the Iranians and Parsis immigrated to India.

Then came the Moghuls and they too settled down permanently in India.

But the French and British people came by 17th Century colonized India by grabbing the full control of almost all territories across India. Britishers had ruled India for nearly 200 years.

In this video you will be seeing the timeline of Freedom Struggle after foundation of The Indian National Congress.


Timeline for Independence of India


  • The Indian National Congress:1885
  • Partition of Bengal:1905
  • Swadeshi Movement (1905)
  • Formation of Muslim League (1906)
  • Demand for Swaraj:1906
  • Indian Councils Act or Minto Morley Reforms (1909)
  • Ghadar Party (1913)
  • Home Rule Movement (1916)
  • Lucknow Pact (1916)
  • August Declaration (1917)
  • Rowlatt Act (March 18, 1919)
  • Jallianwala Bagh Massacre (April 13, 1919)
  • Dandi March (1930)
    Ashram on March 12, 1930 for the small village Dandhi to break the salt law.
  • First Round Table conference (1930)
  • Gandhi Irwin Pact (1931)
  • Second Round Table Conference (1931)
  • The Communal Award (Aug 16,1932)
  • Third Round Table Conference (1932)
  • Demand For Pakistan (1940)
  • The Cripps Mission – 1942:
  • The Revolt of 1942 & The Quit India Movement:
  • The Indian National Army (1942) :
  • The Cabinet Mission Plan (1946)
  • Formation of Interim Government (Sept 2, 1946)
  • Jinnah’s Direct Action Resolution (Aug 16, 1946)
  • Formation of Constituent Assembly (Dec 9, 1946)
  • Mountbatten Plan (June 3, 1947)
  • Partition and Independence (Aug 1947)



Indian Freedom Fighter – Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru

Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, the first Prime Minister of independent India was also the creator of modern India. He was born great and also achieved greatness by his vision, hard labour, sincerity, honesty, nationalism and great intellectual powers. He just about died in harness. He ne’er wasted even one moment. It was he who gave us the expression, “Aram Haram Hai.” tie was continuously choked with optimism, vitality, vigour, enthusiasm and activity. He was a frontrunner of the lots and beloved to them. Their deep love and respect for him continuously enthused, galvanized and sustained him. the great of the lots was ever at his heart. He had undertaken several comes for the welfare of them and therefore the prosperity of the country. He came upon the National planning commission with himself as its 1st Chairman.
Indian Freedom Fighter - Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru
Two years later he created a much bigger National Development Council. His aim was to enhance the quality of living of the individuals, to higher their quality of life. underneath him the primary 5 Year plan was launched in 1951. He very carefully prepared the road-map of India’s industrialisation. Nehru created relentless attack on economic condition, ignorance, subnormality and superstitions. He underlined the importance of “scientific temper”, and did his best to cultivate and unfold it. He was a staunch socialist and believed in equality, freedom and brotherhood.
His concern for the untouchables, the weaker sections of the society and also the right of ladies was upmost. The launch of the “Panchayati Raj” system throughout the country was another nice step within the right direction. He was so popular that he became India|Bharat|Asian country|Asian nation} and India was nehru.
He was an excellent nationalist and patriot however he ne’er lost sight of internationalism and also the world peace. He propagated the “Panch Sheel” for international peace and harmony and created India a very important country among the developing countries of the globe.His love for youngsters was limitless. He liked to speak and play with them. He regarded them the important wealth and golden way forward for India. He looked into their innocent and smiling eyes and felt assured concerning country’s future.
Children’s Day is well known on fourteenth November every year because it’s his birthday, and also the kids with pride known as him “Chacha Nehru”. This bond of love, affection and understanding was deep and enduring. in an exceedingly session of the Indian National Congress he said charged with noble sentiments and patriotic feelings, “I have hardly any ambition left, however there’s one ambition left in me. I ought to throw myself with all the strength and energy left in me into the work of build up India.
Nehru was a good democrat and a pacifist. He forever followed the principles of democracy, peace, harmony and co­existence. He believed in “live and let live”. He despised violence, exploitation and content. He was a visionary, idealist and dreamer and however a very sensible man. His contribution to the globe peace and cooperation has been very vital.
Really he was India’s “man of destiny”. He became a living legend and thousand names. His attractive temperament, knowledge and love for the individuals galvanized confidence, hope and enthusiasm in millions and millions of India. He was a good author besides a good politician and diplomat. He was an dreamer, mystic, dreamer, scientist, author, orator, planner, realist and internationalist, all rolled into one.