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The Indian elephant Elephas maximus occurs in the central and southern Western Ghats, North-east India, eastern India and northern India and in some parts of southern peninsular India. It is included in Schedule I of the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 and in Appendix I of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Flora and Fauna (CITES). It occurs in 16 of the 28 states in the country and is showing an increasing trend across its distributional range. Its population in 2007 was estimated to be in the range from 27,657 to 27,682, whereas in 2012 the population was estimated to be between 27,785 and 31,368. The state-wise population estimates are given in table below:

 

Elephant (Elephas maximus) population estimates for

2007 and 2012

Sl.No.

States

Elephant Population

2007

2012

1

Arunachal Pradesh

1690

1690*

2

Assam

5281

5281*

3

Meghalaya

1811

1811*

4

Nagaland

152

212

5

Tripura

59

59*

6

West Bengal

325-350

325-350*

7

Jharkhand

624

688

8

Odisha

1862

1930

9

Chattisgarh

122

215

10

Uttarakhand

1346

1346*

11

Uttar Pradesh

380

380

12

Tamil Nadu

3867

3726

13

Karnataka

4035

3900-7458**

14

Kerela

6068

6177

15

Andhra Pradesh

28

41

16

Maharshtra

7

4

27657-27682

27785-31368

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List of Landscape and Elephant Reserves in India with 2005 Census Population