English Daily Vocabulary from THE HINDU – Episode 233 – November 07th, 2017

1. Adversary

Class : Noun
Meaning : one’s opponent in a contest, conflict, or dispute..

Synonyms: opponent, competitor
Antonyms : supporter, helper

Example Sentences

  • You must have thought you had seen the last of your old adversary !
  • Davis beat his old adversary in the quarter-finals

2. Awry

Class : Adjective
Meaning : away from the appropriate, planned, or expected course; amiss.

Synonyms: wrong, crooked
Antonyms : accurate, functioning

Example Sentences

  • When things go awry , they escape to the underground streets of the city.
  • Despite the best of efforts of hospital staff, things do go awry .

3. Repercussions

Class : Noun
Meaning : an unintended consequence occurring some time after an event or action, especially an unwelcome one.

Synonyms: consequences, effects
Antonyms : discarding, causes

Example Sentences

  • The tightening of our money supply will have serious repercussions on our domestic economy.
  • Research has shown that these types of problems are having serious repercussions on the U.S. work force.

4. Testament

Class : Noun
Meaning : a person’s will, especially the part relating to personal property.

Synonyms: evidence, confirmation
Antonyms : accusation, assumption

Example Sentences

  • They respond with some fine, committed playing, a testament to the fine quality of this orchestra.
  • The fact that this film is still as affecting 25 years on, is only testament to its quality.

5. Arduous

Class : Adjective
Meaning : involving or requiring strenuous effort; difficult and tiring.

Synonyms: difficult, hard
Antonyms : easy, effortless

Example Sentences

  • Sometimes they have to walk great distances and then carry the water back – an arduous task.
  • Michael’s task is an arduous one, but critical to the well-being of 2.5m people.

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