GENERAL AWARENESS –Bank PO/SO/Clerical – 29.9.16


First Indian meet an Organization of Islamic Nations


  • In a recognition of the country’s Muslim community, the second-largest in the world, an Indian has been invited to attend a prestigious conference of the Organisation of Islamic Countries’ Islamic Conference Youth Forum for Dialogue and Cooperation (ICYF-DC).
  • Haji Syed Salman Chishty of Dargah Ajmer Sharif has been invited to address the ICYF-DC’s Third Islamic Conference of Youth and Sports Ministers opening in Istanbul on 4 October.
  • This is a great honour for India and Indian Muslims. I shall speak on ‘Empowering Youth for Peace, Solidarity and Development’, which is the main theme of this global conference to be attended by representatives from 52 countries – Haji Chishty
  • The recommendations of the conference will be included in “The OIC 2025 Action Plan”, encompassing the adoption of the OIC Youth Strategy.
  • Haji Chishty said that under the leadership of its Secretary General, Iyad Ameen Madani, the OIC has declared youth engagement in the Islamic world as one of its key priorities and the member-states have made investing in youth their main priority.

The most polluted city in India is Gwalior

A woman wearing a mask walk through a street covered by dense smog in Harbin, northern China, Monday, Oct. 21, 2013. Visibility shrank to less than half a football field and small-particle pollution soared to a record 40 times higher than an international safety standard in one northern Chinese city as the region entered its high-smog season. (AP Photo/Kyodo News) JAPAN OUT, MANDATORY CREDIT

  • The Central Pollution Control Board’s data, which puts Gwalior at the very top of India’s eleven most polluted cities in terms of particulate matter, has caught the Madhya Pradesh government on the wrong foot.

  • According to the pollution control board (CPCB), the particulate matter in Gwalior stands at 329 micrograms per cubic metre, which is over five times the permissible limit of 60 micrograms.
  • Expressing surprise over this piece of information, state environment and urban administration minister Kailash Vijaywargia told  that “I have been to Gwalior so many times, but it didn’t occur to me that it is a very polluted city. I will look into this issue myself. I will send a team of officials and experts to Gwalior to study what exactly is leading to such high levels of particulate matter.”
  • Madhya Pradesh State Pollution Control Board chairman NP Shukla found it a very worrying development.
  • He said the spurt in particulate matter pollution may have been caused due to factors such as high population density, increase in the number of vehicles, less greenery, and dilapidated roads.

 From 2018 onwards,10th board exams of CBSE will reintroduce


  • The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) is planning a big systemic change in the months to come.
  • CBSE chairman Rajesh Chaturvedi, who was in Patna on Wednesday, said Class 10 board examinations would be revived from 2018 as there is a growing opinion in its favour.
  • “We will not be able to do it in 2017 as time is short but we will certainly like to go ahead with it from 2018 as it has become important in the context of improving quality. In any case, the state boards are continuing with the board exams,” – Rajesh Chaturvedi.
  • Chaturvedi said the matter of re-introducing the examination would be discussed at the next education ministers’ conference and with the ICSE and state boards under the direction of the ministry of human resource development (MHRD).
  • “Students need to be made to write descriptive answers and not just reply on multiple choice questions,” – Rajesh Chaturvedi.

Unemployment rate of India are still high in every 5-year


  • Touching a five-year high, India’s unemployment rate rose to 5 percent in 2015-16, with females having the highest unemployment rate and lowest labour force participation rate (LFPR), both in rural and urban areas.
  • As per the fifth annual employment-unemployment survey of households released by Labour Bureau, unemployment rate of females was at 8.7 percent at all-India level, as against 4 percent for males and 4.3 percent of transgenders.
  • In urban areas, the female unemployment rate was estimated at 12.1 percent at the as against 3.3 percent for males and 10.3 percent for transgenders.
  • For rural areas, the female unemployment rate stood at 7.8 percent in 2015-16 as against 4.2 percent for males and 2.1 percent for transgenders.
  • The Labour Force Participation Rate for females was significantly lower as compared to males at 23.7 percent in 2015-16.
  • Male LFPR for the same period stood at 75 percent, while for transgenders it was 48 percent.

Most watched debate


  • The broadcast was the most-watched debate ever with an average of 84 million viewers.
  • However, it also pushed boundaries of the internet, too.
  • For starters, YouTube reports that Clinton-versus-Trump was the biggest political live stream “of all time,” with almost 2 million concurrent viewers spread across six major news outlets.
  • It was also one of the largest streams in the site’s history, and had 14 times more live viewers than during the 2012 debate.
  • Twitter isn’t offering concrete data, but does say that it beat the 10.3 million tweets sent during 2012’s first candidate showdown. We’ve reached out to Facebook to see if it can provide its own statistics.
  • The heated discussion smashed a few other records, as well. CBSN’s young online-only service broke both its hourly and single-day viewership records with about 1.4 million unique viewers.
  • The political predictors at Five Thirty Eight, meanwhile, had their highest single-day traffic to date.

The first U.S. ambassador was named by Obama  to Cuba in more than 50 years


  • The United States has tapped career diplomat Jeffrey DeLaurentis to become the first official ambassador to Cuba in more than five decades.
  • “The appointment of an ambassador is a commonsense step forward toward a more normal and productive relationship between our two countries,” – President Barack Obama.
  • Having an ambassador will make it easier to advocate for our interests, and will deepen our understanding even when we know that we will continue to have differences with the Cuban government.
  • Obama and Cuban President Raul Castro announced a thaw in relations in December 2014. The two countries restored full diplomatic relations in July 2015.
  • Since then, Washington and Havana have taken once-unthinkable steps to mend ties after more than half a century of enmity.
  • Obama visited Cuba earlier this year and relaxed portions of the US embargo imposed since 1962.

Shimon Peres, a noble prize winner dies at 93


  • Shimon Peres, one of Israel’s defining political figures and a Nobel peace prize laureate, has died at the age of 93, two weeks after suffering a stroke.
  • Peres had twice served as prime minister of Israel and later as the country’s ninth president.
  • He had been seriously ill on a respirator in an Israeli hospital near Tel Aviv and died after his condition deteriorated sharply.
  • Among those who have said they will attend his funeral and burial on Jerusalem’s Mount Herzl on Friday are Barack Obama, Hillary Clinton and Bill Clinton, as well as Prince Charles and François Hollande.
  • In more than six decades of political life his defining achievement was as one of the key architects of the Oslo peace accords, for which he was jointly awarded the Nobel peace prize in 1994 with the then Israeli prime minister, Yitzhak Rabin, and Yasser Arafat, the chairman of the Palestine Liberation Organisation.
  • Those peace agreements – signed in Washington in 1993 and Taba, Egypt in 1995, – foresaw the creation of a Palestinian state, and were named after the Norwegian capital where the two sides launched eight months of secret negotiations in which Peres played a key role.
  • With Peres’s death the last of that trio has now gone.

NASA Spitzer Space Telescope captured a beautiful image of Pandora cluster


  • NASA’s Spitzer Space Telescope (SST) has captured mesmerising blue-black image of galaxy cluster Abell 2744, commonly known as Pandora’s Cluster.
  • The cluster appears magnified due to gravitational lensing effect of its own gravity.
  • A gravitational lens is a distribution of matter (such as a cluster of galaxies) between a distant light source and an observer, that is capable of bending the light from the source as the light travels towards the observer.
  • The amount of bending is one of the predictions of Albert Einstein’s general theory of relativity.
  • In the image, the fuzzy blue spots are massive galaxies especially at the center of the cluster, but astronomers will be poring over the images in search of the faint streaks of light created where the cluster magnifies a distant background galaxy.
  • In this image, light from Spitzer’s infrared channels is colored blue at 3.6 microns and green at 4.5 microns.
  • NASA’s Chandra X-ray observatory and Hubble Space Telescope are also monitoring this Pandora Cluster.
  • Astronomers have used Abell 2744 for magnifying images of more distant background galaxies.
  • The more distant galaxies appear as they did longer than 12 billion years ago, not long after the big bang.

Paralympics medal winners will be prized 90 lakh: Govt


  • The Indian government has announced cash awards of Rs 90 lakhs for medal winners at the Rio Paralympics.
  • Minister of Social Justice and Empowerment Thawaarchand Gehlot said that the cash awards are being given under the Awareness Generation and Publicity (AGP) scheme.
  • Gehlot said he will felicitate medal winners at a special felicitation programme.
  • Gold medal winners Mariyappan Thangavelu and Devendra Jhajharia will be awarded Rs 30 lakhs each, silver medallist Deepa Malik will be given Rs 20 lakh and Varun Singh Bhati will be honoured with Rs 10 lakh for winning a bronze medal at the 2016 Rio Games.
  •  Gehlot : “Indian paralympic athletes bagged an impressive four medals at the Rio Paralympics 2016 and made history. The success of paralympic athletes has made India proud. The department has decided to award cash prize of total Rs 90 lakh to medal winners” .
  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi has already hailed the best ever performance of Indian Paralympians in his monthly radio programme ‘Mann Ki Baat’.


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