Indian Cinema and Organizations | Lesson for UPSC, SSC Exams


 

I.Bollywood

The largest film industry in India, which produces films in Hindi language and it based on the city of Mumbai. Bollywood is also having wide international audiences, it has already been very popular in other Asian countries.

II. Kollywood

2nd largest film industry in India, which produces films in Tamil Language. Kollywood is also found to have international audience as wide as that of Bollywood.
III. Tollywood (Telugu)
3rd largest film industry in India, which produces film in Telugu language, recently got international acclaim, due to the popularity of Baahubali franchise.

IV. Mollywood

Mollywood doesn’t have much wider audience nor does it have enough budget to make expensive films like above three, yet it hasn’t failed to produce quality movies, which has been appreciated by both both audiences and critics.

V. Tollywood (Bengali)

Produces films in Bengali language, this film industry is known for its reputed directors and films, one of the greatest filmmakers of 20th century, and the only Indian to receive honorary academy award, Satyajit Ray (1921–1992) was one of them.

Now we will look into the Brief history of Indian Cinema.

The history of Indian cinema is as rich and vibrant as the history of India as a country. It is full of small stories of little men doing extraordinary things, of seemingly insignificant incidents which later went on to change the face of cinema in a global sense. It starts with a couple of men in 1896 making the first ever short films in the history of India and altering the course of events forever. The stories it holds are in no way less amazing then those seen in cinemas across the world. For convinces sake, the history of Indian cinema can be divided into 6 eras from the time of its conception in the year 1896 till today.

Films Division

Th Film Division was constituted in January 1948 by restructuring the former Information Films of India and the Indian New Parade set up in 1943. Its headquarters is in Mumbai. Films Division produces documentaries, short films, animation films and news magazines.
The Division also sells prints, stock shots, video cassettes and distribution rights of documentaries and feature films in India and abroad. Apart from production of films, Films Division also gives on hire, its studio, recording theatre, editing rooms and other cine equipments to private film makers.
The aim and objectives of the Division, focused on national perspectives, are to educate and motivate people in the implementation of national programmes and to protect the image of the land and the heritage of the country to Indian and foreign audiences.
Central Board of Film Certification
The Central Board of Film Certification (CBFC) was set up under the Cinematograph Act 1952. CBFC certifies films for public exhibition in India. It consists of a chairperson and twenty-five other non -official members. Mr. Prasoon Joshi is the present Chairpersons of CBFC. Its headquarters is in Mumbai. It has nine regional offices in Bangalore, Kolkata, Chennai, Cuttack, Guwahati, Hyderbad, Mumbai , New Delhi and Thiruvananthapuram.

National Film Development Corporation Limited (NFDC)

The National Film Development Corporation Limited was incorporated in 1975. It was formed by the Government of India with the primary objective of planning and promoting an organized, efficient and integrated development of the Indian film industry. NFDC was reincorporated in the year 1980, by merging the Film Finance Corporation (FFC) and Indian Motion Picture Export Corporation (IMPEC) with NFDC.
The previous Film Finance Corporation was set up in the year 1962. It was formed with the primary objective of extending finance to young talented film makers for film production. The Indian Motion Picture Export Corporation was an autonomous body. It was set up to regulate the import and export of films and canalization of raw stock into the country. The NFDC has so far produced over 200 films. These films in various Indian languages, have been widely acclaimed and have won many national and international awards. The Corporate office of NFDC is at Worli, Mumbai.

Directorate of Film Festivals

The Directorate of Film Festivals was setup under the Ministry of Information and Broad- casting in 1973 with the prime objective of promoting good cinema. The activities of Directorate of Film Festivals include
a) The International Film Festival of India
b) The National Film Awards and the Dada Saheb Phalke Award
c) Cultural Exchange Programme and Organising screening of Indian films through the mission abroad.
d) The selection of Indian Panorama.
e) Participation in international film festivals abroad.
f) Special film exposition of behalf of the Government of India
g) Print collection and documentation. These activities provides a unique platform for exchange of ideas, culture and experiences between India and other countries in the field of Cinema.
National Film Archive of India
The National Film Archive of India was established as an independent media unit under the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting in February 1964 with the following aims and objectives
1) To trace, acquire and preserve for posterity the heritage of national cinema and build up a representative collection of World Cinema.
2) To classify and document data related to film, undertake and encourage re- search on cinema and publish and dis-tribute them; and
3) To act as a centre for dissemination of film culture in the country and to ensure the cultural presence of Indian Cinema abroad.

Children’s Film Society, India (CFSI)

Children’s Film Society, India was established in 1955 to provide value based entertainment to children through the medium of films. CFSI is engaged in production, acquisition, distribution, exhibition and promotion of children’s films. The Head office of the CFSI is in Mumbai with branch offices at New Delhi and Chennai. CFSI holds, its own International Children’s Film Festival once every two years. The 16th edition of this Festival was held in Hyderabad in November 2009. 70 films from 20 countries were selected for participation in the festival. 350 children participated in the festival from across the country.

15 Quick Facts about Indian Cinema

1. India tops the world in respect of production of feature films.
2. The film producing centre in Mumbai is known as Bollywood.
3. The first talkies film Alam Ara was produced in 1931 by Ardeshir Irani (1886-1969).
4. Dada Saheb Phalke, the producer of India’s first indigenous feature filmRaja Harichandra (1913) is considered as the father of Indian Cinema.
5. India’s first cinemascope film is Kagaz ka Phool 1959 by Guru Dutt.
6. India’s first 70 mm film is Around the World (Hindi) 1967 by Raj Kapoor.
7. The most prestigious award in the Indian film world is Dada Saheb Phalke Award instituted by the Government of India for life long contributions to Indian Cinema.
8. Swarna Kamal (Golden Kamal) is the name of the award given to the best film of the year by the Government of India.
9. The first winner of the Dada Saheb Award was Devika Rani Roerrch (1969). She is known as the Lady of Indian Film.
10. Adi Shankara directed by G.V. Iyer is the first sanskrit film in India.
11. The first actress of the Indian Cinema to win a Padmashri Award was Nargis Dutt (1958).
12. Sivaji Ganesan was the first Indian to win the Chevalier Award instituted by the French Government.
13. M.G. Ramachandran was the first film star to become the Chief Minister of an Indian State.
14. The first International Film Festival of India was held in 1952.
15. First Indian 3-D Picture is Malayalam cinema My Dear Kuttichathan.

 

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