Introduction to Indian Cultural Heritage –Indian Culture and Tradition

 In the first session we will be knowing gist of everything..

More than 1.3 billion people live in Indian sub-continent. India is a land of many cultural livings, “Unity through Diversity” is the main attraction to India by many of the foreign countries. Like USA, India is also a Federal Union where almost all of its states carries different Language, different cultural identities.  That is why it is known as a sub-continent.

  • Indian civilization is ancient
  • The Indus Valley Civilization was one of the first civilizations on earth
  • The Vedic period was a time in Indian history when the Hindu religion and caste system began in India
  • Mughal Empire was the last and the strongest Islamic empire in India

Here in India we see people in,

  • People with different clothing
  • People with different religions
  • People with different foods
  • People with different celebrations
  • People living in different localities like Urban, Semi-urban, Rural

India is mainly classified into four major sections

  1. North India : New Delhi
  2. Eastern India : Kolkata
  3. Western India : Mumbai
  4. South India : Chennai

Indian people across the nation eat different food as per their geographical availability.

  • Vegetables
  • Seafood
  • Meat-however, cows are considered sacred by Hindus, many of whom are vegetarian
  • Masala-spices
  • Rice
  • Tea, Coffee

Religion in India is characterised by a diversity of religious beliefs and practices. The Indian subcontinent is the birthplace of four of the world’s major religions; namely Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism and Sikhism. With this people in India also follows Christianity, Islam also.

 Important Historical Monuments in India

India is home to many historical monuments such as

Taj Mahal, Brihadishwara Temple, Mysore Palace, Harmandir Sahib, Ajanta Ellora Caves, Mahabalipuram, Khajuraho and the list is a long one. We will see about this in a separate video.

Traditional Music of India

Hindustani and Carnatic are popularly known traditional music of India.

Hindustani means classical music of North India

Carnatic means classical music of South India

Melody, Drone, Thala are some of the traditional elements of Indian Music.

String, Wind, Percussion are some of the most commonly used Instruments in India.

Traditional Dances of India

Dance is an ancient and celebrated cultural tradition in India. Folk dances abound all across the country, and huge crowds of people can be found dancing at festivals and weddings. Dance and song features heavily in Indian cinema too. Indian dance draw its roots from six of the most important classical dance forms.

They are:  Bharatanatyam, Kathakali, Kathak, Manipuri, Kuchipudi, Odissi.


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