Must Know Facts About India

September 7, 2016
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    States

  • Andhra pradesh
  • Arunachal Pradesh
  • Assam
  • Bihar
  • Chhattisgarh
  • Goa
  • Gujarat
  • Haryana
  • Himachal Pradesh
  • Jammu and Kashmir
  • Jharkhand
  • Karnataka
  • Kerala
  • Madhya Pradesh
  • Maharashtra
  • Manipur
  • Meghalaya
  • Mizoram
  • Nagaland
  • Odisha
  • Punjab
  • Rajasthan
  • Sikkim
  • Tamil Nadu
  • Telangana
  • Tripura
  • Uttar Pradesh
  • Uttarakhand
  • West Bengal

Union territories

  1. Andaman and Nicobar Islands
  2. Chandigarh
  3. Dadra and Nagar Haveli
  4. Daman and Diu
  5. Lakshadweep
  6. National Capital Territory of Delhi
  7. Puducherry

INDIA AT A GLANCE

Country Name             :      Republic of India; Bharat Ganrajya

Natives                           :       Indian

Location                      :       The Indian peninsula is separated from mainland Asia by the Himalayas.   The Country is surrounded by the Bay of Bengal in the east, the Arabian Sea in the west, and the Indian Ocean to the south.

Latitude                         :     8° 4′ and 37° 6′ north latitude

Longitude                     :     68° 7′ and 97° 25′ east longitude

Area – Total                  :    3,287,263 km2 (Rank – 7th in World), 3.3 Million sq. km

Administrative Divisions  :   29 States and 7 Union Territories.

Capital                           :      New Delhi, 28°36.8′N 77°12.5′E

Largest City                 :      Mumbai (Population/Area)

Largest State               :      Rajasthan (Area)

Smallest State             :     Goa (Area)

Highest Point               :     Kanchenjunga : 8,586 m (28,169 ft)

Population                   :      1,210,193,422  (Rank – 2nd in World) (2011  census)

                                                         (623.7 million Males and 586.4 million Females)

Density                          :     386.9/km2 (Rank – 31st in World)

Sex Ratio                      :    940 females per 1000 males according to 2011 census

Birth Rate                    :     18.3

Death Rate                   :     7.3

Official languages   : Hindi, English (Article 343(3) empowered Parliament to provide by law for continued use of English for official purposes.)

Ethnic Groups            :     Australoid, Mongoloid,  Europoid, Caucasian, and Negroid

Independence             :   15 August 1947

Republic/Constitution :   26 January 1950

Government Type    :  Sovereign Socialist Secular Democratic Republic with a Parliamentary system of Government.

Legal System         :   The Constitution of India is the fountain source of the legal system in the Country.

Legislature                  :   Parliament of India

Upper house               :   Rajya Sabha (Council of States)

Lower house               :   Lok Sabha (House of the People)

Executive Branch     :   The President of India is the Head of the State, while the Prime Minister is the Head of the Government, and runs office with the support of the Council of Ministers who form the Cabinet Ministry.

Judicial Branch     :   The Supreme Court of India is the apex body of the Indian legal system, followed by other High Courts and subordinate Courts.

National Days             :   26th January (Republic Day)

                                                      15th August (Independence Day)

                                                      2nd October (Gandhi Jayanti; Mahatma Gandhi’s Birthday)

Indian Standard Time    :   GMT + 05:30

Currency                       :    Indian rupee (Rs.) (INR)

Drives on the               :    Left side of Road

Calling code                 :    +91 

Internet TLD               :     .in other TLDs

 

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