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Language

Family

State(s)

Assamese

Indo-Aryan, Eastern

Assam, Arunachal Pradesh
BengaliIndo-Aryan, EasternWest Bengal, Tripura, Assam, Andaman & Nicobar Islands
BodoTibeto-BurmanAssam
DogriIndo-Aryan, NorthwesternJammu and Kashmir
GujaratiIndo-Aryan, WesternDadra and Nagar Haveli, Daman and Diu, Gujarat
HindiIndo-Aryan,

Central

Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bihar, Chandigarh, Chhattisgarh, the National capital territory of Delhi, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand
KannadaDravidianKarnataka
KashmiriIndo-Aryan, DardicJammu and Kashmir
KonkaniIndo-Aryan, SouthernGoa, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Kerala
MaithiliIndo-Aryan, EasternBihar
MalayalamDravidianKerala, Lakshadweep, Puducherry
ManipuriTibeto-BurmanManipur
MarathiIndo-Aryan, SouthernMaharashtra, Goa, Dadra & Nagar Haveli, Daman and Diu
NepaliIndo-Aryan, NorthernSikkim, West Bengal
OdiaIndo-Aryan, EasternOdisha
PunjabiIndo-Aryan, NorthwesternChandigarh, Delhi, Haryana, Punjab
SanskritIndo-Aryannon-regional
SanthaliMundaSanthal tribals of the Chota Nagpur Plateau (comprising the states of Bihar, Chattisgarh, Jharkhand, Odisha)
SindhiIndo-Aryan, Northwesternnon-regional
TamilDravidianTamil Nadu, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Puducherry
TeluguDravidianAndhra Pradesh, Puducherry, Andaman & Nicobar Islands
UrduIndo-Aryan, CentralJammu and Kashmir, Andhra Pradesh, Delhi, Bihar and Uttar Pradesh