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Language

Family

State(s)

Assamese

Indo-Aryan, Eastern

Assam, Arunachal Pradesh
Bengali Indo-Aryan, Eastern West Bengal, Tripura, Assam, Andaman & Nicobar Islands
Bodo Tibeto-Burman Assam
Dogri Indo-Aryan, Northwestern Jammu and Kashmir
Gujarati Indo-Aryan, Western Dadra and Nagar Haveli, Daman and Diu, Gujarat
Hindi Indo-Aryan,

Central

Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bihar, Chandigarh, Chhattisgarh, the National capital territory of Delhi, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand
Kannada Dravidian Karnataka
Kashmiri Indo-Aryan, Dardic Jammu and Kashmir
Konkani Indo-Aryan, Southern Goa, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Kerala
Maithili Indo-Aryan, Eastern Bihar
Malayalam Dravidian Kerala, Lakshadweep, Puducherry
Manipuri Tibeto-Burman Manipur
Marathi Indo-Aryan, Southern Maharashtra, Goa, Dadra & Nagar Haveli, Daman and Diu
Nepali Indo-Aryan, Northern Sikkim, West Bengal
Odia Indo-Aryan, Eastern Odisha
Punjabi Indo-Aryan, Northwestern Chandigarh, Delhi, Haryana, Punjab
Sanskrit Indo-Aryan non-regional
Santhali Munda Santhal tribals of the Chota Nagpur Plateau (comprising the states of Bihar, Chattisgarh, Jharkhand, Odisha)
Sindhi Indo-Aryan, Northwestern non-regional
Tamil Dravidian Tamil Nadu, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Puducherry
Telugu Dravidian Andhra Pradesh, Puducherry, Andaman & Nicobar Islands
Urdu Indo-Aryan, Central Jammu and Kashmir, Andhra Pradesh, Delhi, Bihar and Uttar Pradesh