In This session, we will be learning about the usage of grammar, importance of Words and sentences, concept of phrases and clauses.
First, we should know what is Grammar?
Grammar is a Latin word which refers to the study of the form and arrangement of word, sentences and phrases.
This definition refers that meaningful words arranged in a correct order to form a sentence and with appropriate tenses will result in good English Speaker.
Then, What is Word?
Word is the basic unit of a language, and blocks of words join together to form a sentence.
Every word has its own meanings. Words are used for expressing thoughts and incidents.
Let’s look at What is a Sentence?
A sentence is a group of words which communicates a complete thought.
Incorrect sentence formation will result in grammatical error and receiver will be unable to understand what you are mean to say.
The Indian Cricket Team has won the World Cup.
Here words like Indian, Cricket, Team, Win, World Cup are grouped to form a meaningful sentence in an order. If you re-arrange the sentence without making proper Grammatical adjustments it will not give any meaningful sentence.
We can also say the sentence as
The world cup has won by The Indian Cricket Team.
But we cannot say like this.
The Team Cricket India Won has the World Cup.
So we have known about Word and sentence, we will now see what is a phrase?
What is Phrase?
A phrase is a group of words that express a concept and is used as a unit within a sentence.
A phrase is a related group of words. The words work together as a “unit,” but they do not have a subject and a verb.
Look at this example to understand this better.
A bird in the hand is worth two in the bush.
In this sentence “A bird in the hand” as a group represents only the subject of the sentence.
We will see about Types of Phrases and its usage in a separate video later.
What is Clause?
It is a group of words that will have a subject performing an action or verb..
Some clauses are independent, meaning that they express a complete thought. An independent clause is the same as a complete sentence.
“Rajiv is a good soccer player” is an example of independent clause as they expressed a complete thought.
Some clauses are dependent, meaning that they cannot stand alone. They do have a subject and a verb, but they do not express a complete thought.
The trophy goes to whoever wins the game. is an example of dependent clause as this group of words does have subject and verb but does not produce a complete thought.