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Peak

Elevation

Prominence

Continent

Range

Country

Mount Everest

8,848 m

8,848 m

Asia

Himalaya

Nepal /

China

Aconcagua

6,961 m

6,961 m

South America

Andes

Argentina

Mount McKinley

6,194 m

6,144 m

North America

Alaska Range

United

States

Kilimanjaro

5,895 m

5,885 m

Africa

Eastern Rift mountains

Tanzania

Mount Elbrus

5,642 m

4,741 m

Europe

Caucasus Mountains

Russia

Mount Vinson

4,892 m

4,892 m

Antarctica

Sentinel Range

Antarctica

Mount Kosciuszko

2,228 m

2,228 m

Australia

Great Dividing Range

Australia

Hills

  1. Hills are lower than mountains but are higher than their surrounding areas.
  2. A number of hills together form a ‘range of hills’.
  3. It may be formed by a buildup of rock debris or sand deposited by glaciers and wind or may be created by faults.
  4. The climate in the hills is more pleasant than the climate in high snow covered mountains. It is usually neither too hot nor too cold.
  5. Hill made by people is called a mound.

Valleys

  1. Valleys are the low-lying areas between two mountains or hills.
  2. When rivers flow down the mountainsides and hillsides, it wears off the rocks and soil. Over a period of time, the water carves out v- shaped grooves. These grooves get deeper and wider, finally forming low land areas called valleys.
  3. Valleys formed by glaciers are U- shaped valleys.
  4. Valleys formed due to the effect of erosion are V – shaped valleys.
  5. The valleys formed (that is V shaped or U shaped), depend upon the rate at which deepening and widening takes place.
  6. Narrow valleys are called canyons.

Plateaus

  1. A plateau is a flat topped highland with steep sides. Since it looks like a table, it is also called a tableland. They are basically areas of high flat land. Plateaus are usually surrounded by steep rock faces called cliffs.
  2. Intermontane plateau is surrounded by mountains on all sides. g. the Tibetan plateau, the Bolivian plateau
  3. Piedmont plateau has a mountain on one side. g. the Malwa plateau in India, the Patagonian plateau in Argentina
  4. Continental plateau is surrounded by oceans or plains. g. plateaus of western Australia and Africa
  5. Dissected plateaus are highly eroded plateaus cut by rivers and broken by deep narrow valleys. g. plateaus of south-western USA.
  6. The Deccan Plateau in India is good for growing cotton because of the black soil present.