THE GREAT INDIAN DESERT OR THAR DESERT
- It is the world’s 17th largest desert, and the world’s 9th largest subtropical desert.
- In India, it covers about 320,000 km2, of which 60% is in Rajasthan and extends into Gujarat, Punjab, and Haryana.
- About 85% of the Thar Desert is in India, and the remaining part in Pakistan.
- The desert continues into Pakistan as the Cholistan Desert.
- Annual temperatures can range from 0°C in the winter to over 50°C during the summer.
- This region gets very less rainfall which is less than 150 mm in a year.
- Luni is the only large river but some streams appear during rainy season.
- The Luni is a river of western Rajasthan. It originates in the Pushkar valley of the Aravalli Range, near Ajmer and ends in the marshy lands of Ran of Kutch in Gujarat.
- Crescent-shaped dunes (barchans) are found in this area.
Great Rann of Kuchchh
- It is a seasonal salt marsh located in the Thar Desert in the Kutch District of Gujarat, India.
- In India’s summer monsoon, the flat desert of salty clay and mudflats, which average 15 meters above sea level, fills with standing water. In very wet years, the wetland extends from the Gulf of Kutch on the west through to the Gulf of Cambay on the east.
- This is one of the hottest areas of India – with summer temperatures averaging and peaking at 49.5 °C. Winter temperatures reduce dramatically and can go below 0 °C (32 °F).
THE COASTAL PLAINS
- The coastal plains of India are located along the Arabian Sea coast in the west and along the Bay of Bengal coast in the east.
- The coastal plains were formed by the depositional action of the rivers and the erosional and depositional actions of the sea-waves.
- According to their location to the east or west of the peninsular, they are called: East coastal plain, and West coastal plain.
Eastern and Western Coastal Plain
Eastern Coastal Plain
Western Coastal Plain
|Located||From Tamil Nadu in the south to West Bengal in the north.||From Gujarat in the north and end at Kerala in the south.|
|Length||1100 km||1400 km|
|Width||100 to 130 km||10 to 80 km|
|Parts||Northern part = Northern Circars ; between Mahanadi and Krishna
Southern part = Coromandel Coast ; between Krishna and Kaveri rivers
|Northern part = Konkan (Mumbai-Goa)
Central stretch = Kanara (Coastal Karnataka)
Southern stretch = Malabar Coast (Western Konkan – Kanyakumari)
|Rivers||Mahanadi, Godavari, Kaveri, and Krishna||Tapi (Tapati), Narmada, Mandovi and Zuari.|
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