In this session, we are going to learn about National Parks in India. This will be useful in UPSC, SSC, Bank PO exams.
Jim Corbett National Park
Jim Corbett National Park has inaugurated Project Tiger in India. The program focused on the conservation of the population of Tigers. Apart from Jeep and Elephant Safari in the national part, the visitors can also take pleasure in various activities such as fishing, rock-climbing, river-crossing, rappelling, slithering and rafting. The rich flora and fauna of the national park is one of the major factors that make it a sought-after travel destination for wildlife enthusiasts.
- State: Uttarakhand
- Address: Dhikala, Rankihet Raod, Ramnagar, Pin- 244715, Uttarakhand, India
- Area: 1,318.5 sq km
- Year of Establishment: 1936
- Flora: Jamun, Diospyros Tomentosa, Mallotus Philippensis
- Fauna: Leopard Cat, Hog Deer, Sloth, Himalayan Goral
- Best Time to Visit: January to March
Sundarbans National Park
The Sundarban National Park is a National Park, Tiger Reserve, and a Biosphere Reserve in West Bengal. It is part of the Sundarbans on the Ganges Delta, and adjacent to the Sundarban Reserve Forest in Bangladesh. The delta is densely covered by mangrove forests, and is one of the largest reserves for the Bengal tiger. It is also home to a variety of bird, reptile and invertebrate species, including the salt-water crocodile. The present Sundarban National Park was declared as the core area of Sundarban Tiger Reserve in 1973 and a wildlife sanctuary in 1977. On 4 May 1984 it was declared a National Park. It is a UNESCO world heritage site inscripted in 1987.
- State:West Bengal
- Address:Dayapur, Gosaba, West Bengal 743370 India
- Area:1,330.12 sq km
- Year of Establishment: 1984
- Flora: Genwa, Kankra, Khalsi, Dhundal, Passur, Garjan, Sundari
- Fauna: The Royal Bengal Tigers, Fishing cats, Leopard cats, Macaques, Indian Grey Mongoose
- Best Time to Visit: September to March
Gir Forest National Park
Gir National Park & Sasan Gir Sanctuary is famed for providing shelter to the Asiatic Lions. The national park & sanctuary is also acclaimed as one of the major protected areas in Asia. The survey of 2010 also recorded the count of Asiatic lions to be 411, which was as increase of 52 lions as compared to the records of 2005.
- State: Gujarat
- Address: Junagadh District, Gir Somnath District and Amreli District Gujarat, India
- Area: 1412 sq.kms.
- Year of Establishment: 1965
- Flora: Timru, Amla, Babul, Moledi, Bahedo
- Fauna: Asiatic Lions, Spotted Deer, Chinkara, Blue Bull, Chousingha
- Best Time to Visit: Late November to Early March
Guru Ghasidas (Sanjay) National Park
Sanjay National Park is a beautiful place, located in the Sidhi district of the state of Madhya Pradesh. The park is a part of the Sanjay-Dubri Tiger Reserve. It was declared as National Park in the year of 1981. Total area of the park is 466.88 Km2. Sanjay-Dubri wildlife sanctuary was established in the year of 1975.Sanjay National Park was listed as a paradise for wildlife in Madhya Pradesh State of India.
- State: Chhattisgarh
- Address: Sidhi District, Chhattisgarh, Pin – 48661 , India
- Area: 466.88 km2
- Year of Establishment: 1981
- Flora: Shorea robusta, Terminalia alata, Boswellia serrate, Madhuca indica
- Fauna: Indian Leopard, Spotted Deer, Sambar Deer, Wild Boar, Nilgai, Chinkara
- Best Time to Visit: November to May
Khangchendzonga National Park
Khangchendzonga National Park is a beautiful place, located in the North Sikkim district of the state of Sikkim. Khangchendzonga National Park is also known as Kanchenjunga National Park. The Khangchendzonga National Park is a part of Khangchendzonga Biosphere Reserve. The park gets its name from the third highest mountain in the world, Kanchenjunga or Khangchendzonga (which means The Abode of the Gods) which forms an impressive background in the park at an imposing 8,586 meters in height. The park is a spectacular wilderness, with snowy peaks towering above some fine forests that remain virtually undisturbed. The Park must rank as one of the most important protected areas in the entire Himalayas.
- State: Sikkim
- Area: 1784 km2
- Year of Establishment: 1977
- Flora: Oak, Willow, Birch, Fir, Maple, Alpine grasses, Shrubs
- Fauna: Musk Deer, Snow Leopard, Himalayan Tahr, Wild Dog, Sloth Bear
- Best Time to Visit: March to May and September to mid-December
Namdapha National Park
Namdapha National Park is located in the Eastern Himalayan Sub-region and is recognized as one of the richest areas in biodiversity in India. The national park is nestled between the Patkai range and Dapha bum range of Mishmi Hills. Namdapha lies along the turbulent Noa-Dihing River at the international border between India and Myanmar.
- State: Arunachal Pradesh
- Address: Namdapha National Park, MV Road, Arunachal Pradesh Pin – 792122, India
- Area: 1985.24 km2
- Year of Establishment: 1974
- Flora: Amentotaxus, Cephalotaxus, Larix, Pinus merkusii and Abies delavayi
- Fauna: Tiger, Clouded Leopard, Tragopan, Monal Pheasants, Indian Python
- Best Time to Visit: October to December and January to April
Gangotri National Park
The Park is named after Gangotri, which is famous as one of the four pilgrim sites. This Park is a vital link between Kedarnath National Park and Govind National Park.
The park provides majestic beauty of coniferous forests and grandeur of glacial world combined with lush green meadows.
Gangotri National Park, Uttarakhand has the typical ecosystem of the high altitude. Alpine scrub is the special feature of this national park. With its closeness to the mountainous terrain, it is prone to landslides, which results in the irreversible isolation.
- State: Uttarakhand
- Address: Gaumukh Pedestrian Way, Post Taknaur Range, Uttarkashi, Uttarakhand Pin – 249135
- Area: 2390 km2
- Year of Establishment: 1989
- Flora: Spruce, Deodar, Chirpine, Rhododendrons, Oak
- Fauna: Ibex, Musk deer, Pigeons, Parakeet, Partridges, Bulbul
- Best Time to Visit: April to October
Simlipal National Park
Simlipal National Park derives its name from the abundance of Semul or red silk cotton trees that bloom abundantly in the locality. The park has some beautiful waterfalls like Joranda and Barehipani. Simlipal is home to Tiger, Elephant, Indian bison, Chausingha etc. This Reserve is part of the UNESCO World Network of Biosphere Reserve since 2009. Simlipal Tiger Reserve is famous for best care of tigers in India. The area of Simlipal reserve is gifted with great bio-diversity and ultimate varieties of faunas in the ranges with the ambience of cool breeze emerging out of the dense forests.
- State: Odisha
- Address: Dist. Mayurbhanj, Bhanjpur, Baripada, Odisha Pin – 757002
- Area: 2750 km2
- Year of Establishment: 1980
- Flora: Sal
- Fauna: Elephant, Bison, Bear, Red Jungle Fowl, Hill Myna, Python, King Cobra
- Best Time to Visit: Between the Months of November to May
Desert National Park
The great Indian Bustard is a magnificent bird and can be seen in considerably good numbers in this park. It migrates locally in different seasons. The region is a heaven for migratory and resident birds of the desert.Desert National park harbours a wide array of flora and faunal species. It is only place where Great Indian Bustard), Camel and Khejri and Rohida are found naturally. It also has fossil evidences dating back to the Jurassic Period indicating hot and humid climate characterized by dense forests. 180 million years old fossils of animals and plants are preserved at Wood Fossil Park at Akal, situated 17 km away from Jaisalmer.
- State: Rajasthan
- Address: Jaisalmer Pin, 345001, India
- Area: 3162 km2
- Year of Establishment: 1980
- Flora: Ronj, Khair, Rohira, Dhok, Khejri, Palm trees, Ber, Aak shrub
- Fauna: Great Indian Bustard, Falcons, Camel, Desert Fox, Bengal Fox, Russell’s viper, Saw Scaled Viper
- Best Time to Visit: November to March
Hemis National Park
Hemis National Park is also known as Hemis High Altitude National Park. Hemis National Park is the best place to see the snow leopard in the wild. The Park has the distinction of being the largest national park in South Asia.The Park also has the distinction of being among the largest contiguous protected region, second only to Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve (First). The park derives its name from the Hemis Gompa, a famous Buddhist monastery situated 40 km south east of Leh. The park is bounded on the north by the banks of the Indus River, and includes the catchments of Markha, Sumdah, Rumbak and parts of the Zanskar Range.
- State: Jammu and Kashmir
- Address: Leh, Pin – 194302, India
- Area: 4400 km2
- Year of Establishment: 1981
- Flora: Anemone, Gentiana, Thallctrwn, Lloydia, Veronica, Delphinum, Kobresia
- Fauna: Golden Eagle, Himalayan Griffon Vulture, Lammergeier Vulture, Red Fox, Asiatic Ibex
- Best Time to Visit: May to Mid-October