Top 10 Wildlife Sanctuaries in India UPSC


In this session we are going to know about the major wildlife sanctuaries in India.

A wildlife sanctuary is a space that is exclusive for wild animals to roam or live in the area. Typically, a sanctuary is created by  govt that sets the space aside, and rangers to ensure that no one hunts or harasses the animals.

Wildlife sanctuaries in India have been extremely successful in conserving the wildlife of India. They are the ideal place to witness the imposing beauty of the forests and their endless range of wildlife.

537 wildlife sanctuaries in India (as of May, 2017).

Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary, Kerala

With dry thorn forests dominating the area, Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary is one of its kinds wildlife reserve in India. Home to 34 species of Mammals including many Panthers and Spotted deer, 50 to 60 Indian Elephants and about only 240 of the vulnerable Grizzled Giant Squirrels, Chinnar offers a wildlife bonanza here. Other than these the Watch tower, Thoovanam Waterfalls, walk along the Chinnar and Pamber rivers and trekking on a fixed trail are some other attractions in the Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary.


  • State: Kerala
  • Address: Udumalpet Road, Munnar, Kerala, Pin – 685612, India
  • Area: 90.44 km2 
  • Year of Establishment: 1984
  • Best Time to Visit:  December to April

Bhagwan Mahavir Wildlife Sanctuary, Goa

Bhagwan Mahaveer Wildlife Sanctuary located in the Western Ghats of South India, This area was first known as Mollem Game Sanctuary. It was declared a wildlife sanctuary in 1969 and renamed as Bhagwan Mahaveer Sanctuary. The core area of the sanctuary covering 107 square kilometres (41 sq mi) was notified as Mollem National Park in 1978.It contains several important temples dating to the Kadamba Dynasty, and Dudhsagar Falls. The parkland is also home to a community of nomadic buffalo herders known as the Dhangar.


  • State: Goa
  • Address: NH 4A, Caranzol, Goa, Pin – 403410, India
  • Area: 107 km2
  • Year of Establishment: 1978
  • Best Time to Visit:  October to March

Shoolpaneshwar Wildlife Sanctuary,Gujarat

Shoolpaneshwar Wildlife Sanctuary is located in the Narmada district of Gujarat. The sanctuary is nestled among a hilly tract lined by dense deciduous forests. The forests is set against a lush cover of Rajpipla trees. There are around 575 species of flowering foliage. There are huge patches of bamboo crops often known as bamboo-brakes. The nearby Zarwani Falls also attract a number of tourists and nature-enthusiasts.


  • State: Gujarat
  • Address: Palchhi, Gujarat, India
  • Area: 607.70 km2
  • Year of Establishment: 1982
  • Best Time to Visit:  November to March

Bhadra Wildlife Sanctuary, Karnataka

Bhadra Wildlife Sanctuary is located near Chikmagalur town in Karnataka. The sanctuary is surrounded by Mullaianagiri, Hebbegiri, Gangegiri and Bababudangiri hills and has the tributaries like Somavahini, Thadabehalla and Odirayanahalla of the Bhadra River flowing through it.
Bhadra Wildlife Sanctuary gets its name from the river Bhadra. Bhadra Wildlife Sanctuary is also popularly known as Muthodi Wildlife Sanctuary, after the village on its periphery. The reserve consists of two main areas, Muthodi and Lakkavalli


  • State: Karnataka
  • Address: Chickmagaluru, Karnataka, Pin – 577101, India
  • Area: 492.46 km2
  • Year of Establishment: 1951
  • Best Time to Visit:  October to March

Dachigam Wildlife Sanctuary, Jammu and Kashmir

Dachigam wildlife sanctuary is located near Srinagar in Jammu and Kashmir. The name literally stands for ‘ten villages’, which could be in memory of the ten villages that were relocated in order to create the park. The Park is only 141 sq. kms. and roughly rectangular in shape, approximately 23.5km by 6km.


  • State: Jammu and Kashmir
  • Address: Dachigam Road, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir Pin – 191202, India
  • Area: 141 km2
  • Year of Establishment: 1981
  • Best Time to Visit:  Between late November and early February

Kawal Wildlife Sanctuary, Telangana

Kawal wildlife sanctuary is located at Jannaram mandal of Mancherial District  in Telangana. Govt of India declared Kawal wildlife sanctuary as Tiger Reserve in 2012. The Oldest Sanctuary in the northern telangana region of the state. This is well known for its abundant flora and fauna. This sancturay is catchment for the river godavari and kadam that flows towards the south of sancturay.


  • State: Telangana
  • Address: Jannaram, Telangana, Pin – 504205, India
  • Area: 893 km2
  • Year of Establishment: 1965
  • Best Time to Visit:  November to June

Dandeli Wildlife Sanctuary, Karnataka

Dandeli Wildlife Sanctuary is Situated on the banks of River Kali amidst thick forests and lofty hills of Uttara Kannada District. The wildlife safari in the lush forests is an exhilarating experience for visitors here. The sanctuary offers you rare glimpse animals like Black Panther, Bison, flying squirrel and mouse deer. Dandeli is a great place for bird watchers as well and adding to your excitement is the large display of crocodiles, which are found here in large population.


  • State: Karnataka
  • Address: SH 46, Dandeli, Karnataka, Pin – 581325, India
  • Area: 834.16 km2
  • Year of Establishment: 1987
  • Best Time to Visit:  November to June

Hastinapur Sanctuary,Uttar Pradesh

Hastinapur Sanctuary was founded in 1986, in Uttar Pradesh. The population of the wild animals includes various species of animals including antelope, sambhar, cheetal, blue bull, leopard, hyena, wild cat, and different types of birds. Over 350 species of birds are found here such as painted stork, black and white necked stork, sarus crane, as well as night birds of prey, ranging from the great Indian horned owl to the jungle owlet, colourful woodpecker, barbet, kingfisher, minivet, bee-eater and bulbul.


  • State: Uttar Pradesh
  • Address: Hastinapur Kaurwan, Uttar Pradesh, Pin – 250404, India
  • Area: 2073 km2
  • Year of Establishment: 1986
  • Best Time to Visit:  April to November

Sitanadi Wildlife Sanctuary,Chhattisgarh

Sitanadi Wildlife Sanctuary is located in Dhamtari District, Chhattisgarh. The wildlife sanctuary was established in 1974 under Wildlife Protection Act of 1972. It is named after Sitanadi River which originates from this sanctuary and joins Mahanadi River near Deokhut. Sitanadi Wildlife Sanctuary is known for its lush green flora and rich and unique and diverse fauna and has great potential to emerge as one of the finest wildlife destinations in central India.


  • State: Chhattisgarh
  • Address: Beladula Road, Devgaon, Chhattisgarh, Pin – 493778, India
  • Area: 556 km2
  • Year of Establishment: 1974
  • Best Time to Visit:  November to June

Sathyamangalam Wildlife Sanctuary,Tamilnadu

Sathyamangalam wildlife sanctuary is located at the confluence of scenic Western and Eastern Ghats in the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve in Erode district of Tamil Nadu. Not only it is considered as the biggest protected area in Tamil Nadu, but also it is hailed as the most expansive wildlife sanctuary in South India. It has 1,411 sq. km protected area for tiger reserve contiguous to four other areas Mudumalai National Park, Sigur Plateau, Bandipur National Park and Biligiriranga Swamy Temple Wildlife Sanctuary.


  • State: Tamil Nadu
  • Address: Talamalai R.F., Pin – 638401, Tamil Nadu, India
  • Area: 1411 km2
  • Year of Establishment: 2008
  • Best Time to Visit: October to January

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