Today, We are going to take a test on Problems based on Partnership.
Before you take the test read these posts to be comfortable.
I. Partnership : When two or more than two persons run a business jointly, they are called partners and the deal is known as partnership.
II. Ratio of Division of Gains :
(i) When investments of all the partners are for the same time, the gain or loss is distributed among the partners in the ratio of their investments.
Suppose A and B invest Rs. x and Rs. y respectively for a year in a business, then at the end of the year :
(A’s share of profit) : (B’s share of profit) = x : y.
(ii) When investments are for different time periods, then equivalent capitals are calculated for a unit of time by taking (capital * number of units of time). Now, gain or loss is divided in the ratio of these capitals.
Suppose A invests Rs. x for p months and B invests Rs. y for q months, then (A’s share of profit) : (B’s share of profit) = xp : yq.
III. Working and Sleeping Partners : A partner who manages the business is known as working partner and the one who simply invests the money is a sleeping partner.
Suppose B wants to have the money before the legally due date. Then he can have the money from the banker or a broker, who deducts S.I. on the face value (i.e., Rs. 10,000 in this case) for the period from the date on which the bill was discounted (i.e., paid by the banker) and the legally due date. This amount is known as Banker’s Dicount (B.D.)
Thus, B.D. is the S.I. on the face value for the period from the date on which the bill was discounted and the legally due date.
Banker’s Gain (B.G.) = (B.D.) – (T.D.) for the unexpired time.
Note : When the date of the bill is not given, grace days are not to be added.